NEW YORK TIMES-1915
CINCINNATI – The most disastrous war that the baseball game has ever experienced came to a close here tonight when a treaty of peace between the Federal League and both parties to the national baseball agreement, known as Organized Baseball, was signed. The war has lasted about two years. The agreement gives immunity to all men who have jumped their contracts from both the major and minor leagues of Organized Baseball, as well as all other Federal League players. All of them have been reinstated or made eligible to Organized Baseball.
That there will be a wild scramble for some of the best Federal League players was clearly indicated by a provision in the treaty that the Federal League, as a league, and which, in so far as actual baseball playing is concerned, ceases to exist. The agreement does not go into the distribution of any players, and it was announced that the bars have been thrown down, and that inasmuch as all are eligible, those who are for sale will probably go to the highest bidder.
In this connection rumors flew thick and fast here tonight regarding the future status of a number of Federal League players. One of these, despite the lack of con- firmation, was that Benny Kauff of the Brooklyn Tip-Tops of the Federal League would be seen next season in a Giant uniform. Semi-officially it became known that several former Federal players will be seen on the New York American League club.
Two Federal League owners were allowed to purchase existing major league teams. Charles Weeghman, who has been President of the Chicago Whales, will take controlling interest of the Chicago Cubs of the National League from Charles P. Taft of Cincinnati. Philip Hall and his associates, who were connected with the St. Louis Terriers, will gain control of the St. Louis Browns of the American League from Robert Hedges, John E. Bruce, and others. It was announced late tonight that all suits pertaining to baseball pending in any court would be withdrawn in the next day or two.
These other conditions of the agreement became clear: Players from the Federal League clubs in Chicago and St. Louis will join the respective clubs Mr. Weeghman and Mr. Hall and his associates will operate in the National and American Leagues, although the contracts of all other Federal League players will be sold to the highest bidders. And the National and American League will reimburse the Ward interests in the Brooklyn Federal League club, authoritatively stated to be $400,000.
When asked tonight as to the future status of Roger Bresnahan, Charles H. Weeghman, who will purchase the Cubs, said: “I don’t know what disposition will be made of Bresnahan. Tinker, of course, will be our manager, and that is as far as I have taken up the question of players.” When asked what disposition would be made of the suit of the Federal League against organized baseball charging violation of the anti-trust law, now pending before Judge Landis in Chicago, President John K. Tener of the National League, acting as spokesman, said: “The suit will be withdrawn.”
The Federal League’s capitulation ended a major threat to baseball, but all was not over. Its Baltimore franchise opted to pursue the antitrust suit all the way to the United States Supreme Court. The result was the famous 1922 decision by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes that gave major-league baseball exemption to operate in restraint of competition. No rival circuit has since competed against the American and National Leagues.